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Foundation Breed Parent Clubs


1)    Parent Club Definition

A parent club is a specialty club representing one breed on an international basis. The MDBA recognizes only one parent club for each breed.The parent club for each breed is recognised by the MDBA as the authority on the breed requirements for each breed.

2)    MDBA acceptance criteria for approval of an affiliated Foundation Parent Club

a)       The Parent Club recognises that the MDBA owns the breed standard for all breed standards developed by Foundation Breed Parent Clubs.

b)      The breed that the Parent Club represents must be accepted by the MDBA according to the MDBA new breed recognition process.

c)       The following must be written into the Parent Club constitution:

(1)    The qualification for membership into the Parent Club is that any member must be a MDBA financial member in good standing.

(2)    All Parent breed clubs must become an incorporated association according to the local authority in the Parent Clubs location within 6 months of applying to the MDBA as an affiliated Parent Club;

(3)    The process for decision making;

d)      Draft the club’s constitution for approval at a MDBA Board meeting;

e)      Develop a breed standard for approval by the MDBA Board.

3)    Process to become affiliated Foundation Parent Club

i)        Once the club meets the all criteria in section 2 it can apply to the MDBA for recognition as the Parent Club for their breed. The Parent Club must pay the application fee before the MDBA Board will consider their submission. The MDBA Board will review the submitted material to determine whether the club can be recognised as the breed’s parent club.  Once a decision is made, the club will be formally notified of the decision. If the decision is favourable then all input regarding registration requirements for the breed will be only be accepted by the MDBA via the parent club.

ii)       The Parent Club applicants must provide to the MDBA the following:

(1)    The name of the breed the Parent Club wishes to represent;

(2)    A complete club history, indicating when the club was organized, why this club should be the MDBA recognised Parent Club for that breed, the goals of the club and any other information the Parent Club thinks will help the MDBA Board reach a decision;

(3)    A copy of the Club’s Constitution and Bylaws

(4)    A copy of the proposed Breed Standard

(5)    A meeting schedule including any held under the auspices of other organizations including:

(a)    Date of first committee meeting

(b)    Date for first Annual General Meeting

(c)     Schedule for all club meetings including any planned events and/or activities;

(6)    The name of the Parent Club;

(7)    The registered office address;

(8)    Contact details for:

(a)    Main contact person

·         Name

·         Postal Address

·         Phone

·         Email

·         MDBA Member Number

(b)    Office Bearers contact details

·         Name

·         Position

·         Phone

·         Email

·         MDBA Member Number

(c)     Member details

·         Name

·         MDBA Member Number

4)    Parent Club Responsibilities

a)       To remain a MDBA affiliated a Parent Club the club must at all times:

i)        Operate under their approved constitution and bylaws detailing the orderly and democratic conduct of club business;

ii)       Ensure all Parent Club members are MDBA members in good standing;

iii)     Provide to the MDBA the names of all Office Bearers and report to the MDBA any changes in Office Bearers within 30 days of the Club’s Annual General Meeting or the date of the change of Office bearer/s;

iv)     Inform the MDBA of any changes to the constitution and/or by-laws within 30 days of the date the decision being made;

v)       Inform the MDBA at least 60 days before an event is to be held;

vi)     Submit all breed assessment programs to the MDBA Board for approval if the Parent Club wishes the qualifications and titles to be recognised and entered onto a dogs pedigree;

vii)   Provide the MDBA with all minutes of all meetings within 14 days of the meeting being held;

viii)  Pay the MDBA the yearly administration fee to remain a MDBA affiliated breed club.

5)    Proposed Breed Standard

It is the duty and privilege of each Parent Club to define precisely the true type and description of the breed. The purpose of a MDBA Foundation breed standard is to enable breeders to assess positive and negative conformation points to take into consideration in their breeding programs.

For a Foundation breed standard, it is the measure of what the breed aspires to.  As a breed is developing not all dogs will meet this standard but they may still be an asset for the overall gene pool. For these reasons terminology should be used that suggest “undesirable” rather than “disqualifying” for breed assessment or breeding purposes.

The MDBA expects breed standards to highlight “undesirable” aspects of the breed and in some instances, will allow the word “severe” to be used when a fault impacts on the health and welfare of the breed. In the case of a dog having a “severe” fault the MDBA would advise against breeding from this dog. Any fault must be clearly stated, defined, or measurable with no room for interpretation.

The MDBA position on breed standards are that they:

·         Should not encourage extremes in a dog’s conformation;

·         Should not limit the gene pool of the breed;

·         Should have the health, welfare, form, function and fitness for purpose of the breed at the core of the standard; and

·         Should be written in a way that allows breeders to reach their breeding goals.

a)      Guidelines on developing a breed standard

i)        The purpose of a breed standard is to be a guide for breeders and evaluators. Not just official conformation judges but those charged with judging the temperament or personality characteristics and anyone looking at the dog.   As such, it is important to keep in mind those features that make the breed unique, those qualities the breed must possess to do the job for which it was created. A description should emphasize what is important in the breed. Conversely those qualities that are of little or no importance are mentioned only in passing or not at all

ii)       The text of the standard must be as clear and concise as possible leaving little or no room for individual interpretation and limited risk of breeding toward an extreme. Sentence structure should be simple and straightforward. When verbs are used they should to the extent possible indicate the present tense: “is” or “are” rather than “should be”.

iii)     Disqualifying faultsshould be listed in the appropriate sections in the body of the standard. Thorough consideration should be given before a specific fault is made a disqualification. A disqualification must be clearly stated, defined, or measurable with no room for interpretation.

iv)     Disqualifying heights, like all disqualifications, should be put in a description only when a club is completely satisfied that disqualifying a dog over or under the specific limit is the best way to deal with size.

v)       In describing the bite, the description should refer to the position of the teeth rather than that of the jaws.

b)     Suggested Breed Description Format

i)        General Appearance:This part of the breed standard should spell out what the breed’s most important unique qualities are. This section should describe the breed’s purpose and emphasize those qualities that are critical to fulfilling its function.  It should detail the breed’s most importantqualities. These features will then be fully described under their appropriate heading in the body of the standard.

ii)       Size, Proportion, Substance:Height is described in centimetres and inches - measured from the ground to the highest point of the shoulder blades. In those breeds where weight is important it is given in grams and pounds. Proportion is the ratio of height to length. Length is usually expressed as the distance from the point of the shoulder to the rearmost projection of the upper thigh (or point of the buttocks). Breeds are usually either square or rectangular. Some indication of what is appropriate for the breed should be included. Substance includes the amount of bone.

iii)     Head:The description of the head should describe the ideal ratio to prevent breeding to extremes. It should also describe Expression, Eyes (include colour and rim pigmentation), Ears, Skull, Stop, Muzzle, Planes (Muzzle and Skull), Nose (include pigmentation), Lips, Flews, Bite, Teeth.

iv)     Neck, Topline and Body:  Describe the Neck, Topline, Body, Chest, Ribs, Underline, Tuck-up, Back, Loin, Croup, Tail.

v)       Forequarters:Should describe the Angulation, Shoulders, Shoulder Blades, Point of Shoulder, Upper Arm, Elbow, Legs, Pasterns, Dewclaws, Feet, Toes, Pads, Nails.

vi)     Hindquarters: Should describe the Angulation, Legs, Upper Thigh, Stifle, Second Thigh, Hock Joint, Hocks (Rear Pastern), Dewclaws, Feet, Toes, Pads, Nails.

vii)   Coat:Include under this heading the description of the hair on all parts of the dog, and describe any trimming of the coat.

viii)  Color:Include under this heading the color and markings of the coat (and the skin under the coat if skin color description is to be included). In breeds where multiple colors or color combinations are acceptable, but not all colors are permitted, the complete list of all acceptable colors and color combinations must be included in the description. In such cases, any color or color combination not mentioned are will be assumed to be unacceptable,  Color of eyes, eye rims, mouth, lips, nose, nails, etc., are to be given under their respective headings.

ix)     Gait:A complete, positive description of the breed’s gait should be given. Care should be taken to adequately express the importance of the breed’s overall ability to move, which is usually best evaluated from the side.

x)       Temperament:Such temperament description as is appropriate for the breed

c)      Faults

i)        Faults should be describes as follows:

(1)    Undesirable: These faults are cosmetic only and do not affect the form or function of the breed

(2)    Severe: These faults affect the health and welfare of the breed

d)     Breed Standard Revision Procedures

Any breed standard developed by Parent Clubs shall not be changed in any respect until the wording of any proposed change or changes has been submitted to the Board of Directors of the MDBA and approval of the breed standard changes has been given.

i)        A revision consists of any change, deletion, interpretation, or clarification to a breed standard. Once the Board of Directors has approved a proposed breed standard there is a three year moratorium on revisions.

ii)       Parent Club obligations with regard to breed standard changes are:

1)      A breed standard committee is formed to review and formulate any revisions.

2)      The MDBA must be notified by the club Secretary that the club is in the process of reviewing the proposed breed standard.

3)      Breed standard revisions must be sent to MDBA staff for input while being developed by the club breed standard committee. MDBA staff will present the final revisions to the MDBA Board of Directors for their comment. If the MDBA Board of Directors approves the revisions the club can proceed to ballot their membership for approval to change the breed standard.

4)      Balloting of membership must be in accordance with the Parent Club’s Constitution and By-Laws and the membership must be informed of the three year moratorium.

5)      The results of the ballot, copy of the ballot, cover letter, and breed standard must be sent to the MDBA within 14 days of the ballot result being known.

6)      Within 40 days of the ballot results that support a revision to the breed standard being reported the MDBA Board will give final approval.

7)      Upon approval by the Board of Directors notification will be sent to the Parent Club with reiteration of the five year moratorium and the revised proposed breed standard will be published on the MDBA website.

6)    Derecognition of an affiliated Parent Club

The MDBA Board will no longer recognise a Parent Club under the following circumstances:

a)       If a Parent Club fails to adhere to any responsibilities in section 4; or

b)      If a Parent Club becomes defunct as determined by the local authority that overseas clubs.

In the case of a Parent Club becoming derecognised another group can apply to the MDBA Board to become the Parent Club for that breed.


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